Shakhrisabz is one of the most ancient cities of Central Asia. The city celebrated its 2700th anniversary in 2006. It is located in Kashkadarya valley. Shakhrisabz is famous for being the birthplace of the great ruler Amir Timur. This name was given to the town of Kesh by him. Shakhrisabz means “green city” in Persian. It is because of the beautiful vineyards and orchards in the area. Like many cities in Uzbekistan and Central Asia, Shakhrisabz was also a city along the Silk Road.
Shahrisabz boasts so many historic monuments that its old city has been included into the UNESCO World Heritage List. An inscription on the Ak-Saray Palace reads: “If you question the power of making miracles–look at our buildings!” It was Timur’s summer palace in the 1300s, and is also known as the White Palace. It was the grandest of Timur’s buildings, and its archway is the widest in Central Asia, but today only parts of the palace remained. Ak-Saray Palace, Kuk Gumbaz Mosque, Hazrat-i Imam Complex, the Tomb of Timur, Malik Adjar mosque, Medieval public bath, Shamshiddin Kulol Mausoleum, Gumbazy-Selidan tomb and Chorsu covered market are the historical and architectural sights of the city.